[Mastwatch] Sumatra: Shorea platyclados

Gary Paoli gary.paoli at gmail.com
Mon Jan 18 00:39:39 PST 2010

Dear all:

An update from a recent short trip to Lamandau District in southeastern
Central Kalimantan, about 2 hrs drive northwest of Pangkalan Bun.

We did a very rapid survey of a mosaic of disturbed vegetation types
including remnant forest patches (some a few 100 ha in size) in an area
under development for oil palm. Elevation ranged from 80-300 m a.s.l.,
mostly well drained mineral soils, flat to hilly to steep terrain. Most of
the remnant forest was logged over, but there were some small, somewhat
steep sided hills (200-300 m elevation) that showed no signs of disturbance.

The forest was full of fruit, with much of the non-dipterocarp elements
already fully mature.

Among the dipterocarps fruiting were: Dipterocarpus pachyphyllus, D.
cornutus and D. oblongifolius; Shorea hopeifolia, S. parvifolia, S. cf
parvistipulata and three other indet Shorea spp; one indet Hopea sp.

In an adjacent area of intact freshwater swamp forest lining a network of
interconnected lakes, there was a population of large (some >80 cm dbh)
Shorea balangeran, with most trees in fruit, though small crops.

A rough estimate based on non-systematic sampling is that at least 50% of
dipterocarp trees >50 cm had at least some fruit present (c. 20% of crown),
and about half of these were large crops, especially the Dipterocarpus spp.
Notably, in forest remnant c. 15 ha in size along a slowing moving
meandering river, there was a large population of Dipterocarpus tempehes
with trees 40-60 cm dbh, but zero out of about 20 trees fruiting. Likewise
in the same fragment was a decent but possibly sub-adult population of
Parashorea cf lucida, none in fruit. This fragment was extremely isolated
and surrounded by recently planted oil palm.

A partial list of non-dipterocarps fruiting were Dyera (2 of 3 trees),
Swintonia (7 of 7), Vouacanga (2 of 2), Chisocheton (1 of 1), Aglaia (2 of
2), Xylocarpus (1 of 1, in swamp forest), Polyalthia (3 of 3), Koompassia
excelsa (roughly half of c. 20 trees), Strombosia javanica (1 of 1), 4-5
species of Knema and Myristica (7 of 10 trees total), one species of
Syzygium (1 of 1), Octomeles sumatrana (1 of 1), and in the understorey
Eurycoma longifolia (flowering).  Reproductive status of non-dipts was much
more variable, and I can’t put a reliable estimate on percentages fruiting.

All in all, there's a lot of fruiting happening there.



On Sun, Dec 13, 2009 at 2:30 PM, Gabriella F <gmfred at indo.net.id> wrote:

>  Dear All,
> In Sumatra (North Sumatra Province, Batang Toru, South of Lake Toba) at
> 1000 m asl. Shorea platyclados has been in full fruiting now (see picture)
> but at this altitude there are few other dipterocarp species (Dipterocarpus
> crinitus, Shorea acuminata also had fruit). But I'm not sure if one can
> speak of 'masting'. We have only been doing phenology in this site for 1
> year.
> Next week I'll be heading to east Kalimantan and can then report on a
> lowland forest there (Sungai Wain) where we have 12 years of phenology
> studies ongoing.
> Best regards,
> Gabriella Fredriksson
>  * +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> Please send larger messages/attachments to my gmail account:
> gabriella.fredriksson at gmail.com
> The gmfred at indo.net.id account get's clogged up quickly and will be
> terminated in the near future.
> *Gabriella Fredriksson
> In Indonesia:
> PO Box 270                        or       PanEco-YEL
> Balikpapan 76110                          Jl. K.H. Wahid Hasyim No 51/74
> Kalimantan Timur                          Medan Baru
> Indonesia                                  Medan 20154
>  www.beruangmadu.org                       Sumatra Utara
> Phone:+62-813-97822007
> *In the Netherlands:
> *University of Amsterdam
> Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)/Zoological Museum
> Mauritskade 61
> PO Box 94766
> 1090 GT Amsterdam
> The Netherlands
> Tel +31-20-525-7181
> Fax +31-20-525-7238
> *(Co-Chair Sun Bear Expert Team IBA/BSG/IUCN)*
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