[Mastwatch] Mastwatch database

Ashton, Peter pashton at oeb.harvard.edu
Thu Aug 25 10:38:40 PDT 2011

Hi Chuck,

You will be aware that molecular phylogenetics has shown that Sorea is not a natural genus (though there is no morphological or anatomical character to date which can distinguish the two clades separated by Hopea and Neobalanocarpus, so eventually some idiot will doubtless raise the sections). Parashorea is basal to all the red meranti sections, and unlike them several of its species extend to seasonal Indo-Burma, where they do not experience mass flowering. Dryobalanops on the other hand is fairly basal in the whole Shoreae clade, yet is confined to perhumid Sunda though Miocene fossil records are claimed for India. Yet Dr. aromatica is well known to flower out of mast years, and I have seen individuals of others do the same more often than most Sunda dipts (D. crinitus and S. multiflora, and the riparian species also do). I have not noticed S. xanthophylla, though. 

From: mastwatch-bounces at lists.phylodiversity.net [mastwatch-bounces at lists.phylodiversity.net] On Behalf Of Chuck Cannon [chuck.cannon at gmail.com]
Sent: Monday, August 22, 2011 6:04 PM
To: Colin Maycock
Cc: mastwatch at lists.phylodiversity.net
Subject: Re: [Mastwatch] Mastwatch database


> In terms of understanding Dipt reproductive biology - in Sepilok there
> is a small group species that regularly flower in a big way outside of
> GF - in particular Parashorea tomentella & P. malaanonan, Shorea
> xanthophylla and Dipterocarpus grandiflorus (although only Parashorea
> successfully recruits outside of GF). I'm not sure whether this is
> natural or a consequence of Sepilok being a fragment - so would be
> keen to see if this pattern is seen in other areas and whether it is
> more common in smaller reserves.

interesting, given that Parashorea [[Shorea?  no, Parashorea?  No!
Shorea!]] is the one in China, where no GF occurs.  Perhaps the one
recruiting successfully in Sepilok outside of GF is a reinvasion of
Borneo?  There is a clear Indochinese Lithocarpus invader into Borneo.

The dominant Dryobalanops around GP (D. beccarianus? I've forgot) always
seemed gregarious and more frequently fruiting than other dipts but
those are just casual observations.  Their distribution was also patchy
- completely absent from the western side of GP while being abundant
north and to the east.


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